Hummingbird Nectar

North American Hummingbirds

The Western Hummingbird Partership states:

"Hummingbirds live only in the western hemisphere, where they are the second most diverse family of birds (approximately 340 species). Their diversity is well represented among North American bird families with 57 species, of which 40% are endemic to North America, 14% are substantially shared among the nations, 30% are migratory, and 14% are of high conservation concern (Berlanga et al., 2010).

There are indications that at least some hummingbird populations are declining. Partners in Flight (PIF) had identified three of the 13 neotropical migrants the breed in the USA and Canada and over-winter in Mexico as Watch List Species: Costa's, Calliope, and Rufous, and a fourth: Lucifer, as a Stewardship Species (Rich et al 2004).

The USFWS 2008 Birds of Conservation Concern (Pages 47-52) also listed Costa's, Calliope, Lucifer, and Rufous as well as Allen's, Blue-throated, and Buff-bellied; seven species in total nationally".

Scientific Name Order Family Genus English Common Name Taxon Sequence
Glaucis hirsutus Trochilidae Apodiformes   Rufous-breasted Hermit 821
Phaeochroa cuvierii Trochilidae Apodiformes   Scaly-breasted Hummingbird 830
Campylopterus curvipennis Trochilidae Apodiformes   Wedge-tailed Sabrewing 831
Campylopterus excellens Trochilidae Apodiformes   Long-tailed Sabrewing 832
Campylopterus rufus Trochilidae Apodiformes   Rufous Sabrewing 833
Campylopterus hemileucurus Trochilidae Apodiformes   Violet Sabrewing 834
Florisuga mellivora Trochilidae Apodiformes   White-necked Jacobin 835
Colibri thalassinus Trochilidae Apodiformes   Green Violet-ear 837.3
Anthracothorax prevostii Trochilidae Apodiformes   Green-breasted Mango 838
Abeillia abeillei Trochilidae Apodiformes   Emerald-chinned Hummingbird 849
Lophornis brachylophus Trochilidae Apodiformes   Short-crested Coquette 850
Lophornis helenae Trochilidae Apodiformes   Black-crested Coquette 852
Chlorostilbon auriceps Trochilidae Apodiformes   Golden-crowned Emerald 855
Chlorostilbon forficatus Trochilidae Apodiformes   Cozumel Emerald 856
Chlorostilbon canivetii Trochilidae Apodiformes   Canivet's Emerald 857
Cynanthus sordidus Trochilidae Apodiformes   Dusky Hummingbird 863
Cynanthus latirostris Trochilidae Apodiformes   Broad-billed Hummingbird 864
Thalurania ridgwayi Trochilidae Apodiformes   Mexican Woodnymph 866
Hylocharis eliciae Trochilidae Apodiformes   Blue-throated Goldentail 873
Hylocharis leucotis Trochilidae Apodiformes   White-eared Hummingbird 874
Hylocharis xantusii Trochilidae Apodiformes   Xantus's Hummingbird 875
Amazilia candida Trochilidae Apodiformes   White-bellied Emerald 879
Amazilia cyanocephala Trochilidae Apodiformes Amazilia Azure-crowned Hummingbird 884
Amazilia beryllina Trochilidae Apodiformes Amazilia Berylline Hummingbird 885
Amazilia cyanura Trochilidae Apodiformes Amazilia Blue-tailed Hummingbird 886
Amazilia yucatanensis Trochilidae Apodiformes Amazilia Buff-bellied Hummingbird 890
Amazilia rutila Trochilidae Apodiformes Amazilia Cinnamon Hummingbird 891
Amazilia violiceps Trochilidae Apodiformes Amazilia Violet-crowned Hummingbird 892
Amazilia viridifrons Trochilidae Apodiformes Amazilia Green-fronted Hummingbird 893
Eupherusa eximia Trochilidae Apodiformes   Stripe-tailed Hummingbird 894
Eupherusa cyanophrys Trochilidae Apodiformes   Blue-capped Hummingbird 895
Eupherusa poliocerca Trochilidae Apodiformes   White-tailed Hummingbird 896
Lampornis viridipallens Trochilidae Apodiformes   Green-throated Mountain-gem 903
Lampornis amethystinus Trochilidae Apodiformes   Amethyst-throated Hummingbird 905
Lampornis clemenciae Trochilidae Apodiformes   Blue-throated Hummingbird 906
Lamprolaima rhami Trochilidae Apodiformes   Garnet-throated Hummingbird 910
Eugenes fulgens Trochilidae Apodiformes   Magnificent Hummingbird 912
Heliothryx barroti Trochilidae Apodiformes   Purple-crowned Fairy 914
Heliomaster longirostris Trochilidae Apodiformes   Long-billed Starthroat 915
Heliomaster constantii Trochilidae Apodiformes   Plain-capped Starthroat 916
Doricha enicura Trochilidae Apodiformes   Slender Sheartail 920
Doricha eliza Trochilidae Apodiformes   Mexican Sheartail 921
Tilmatura dupontii Trochilidae Apodiformes   Sparkling-tailed Hummingbird 922
Calothorax lucifer Trochilidae Apodiformes   Lucifer Hummingbird 923
Calothorax pulcher Trochilidae Apodiformes   Beautiful Sheartail 924
Archilochus colubris Trochilidae Apodiformes   Ruby-throated Hummingbird 925
Archilochus alexandri Trochilidae Apodiformes   Black-chinned Hummingbird 926
Calypte anna Trochilidae Apodiformes   Anna's Hummingbird 929
Calypte costae Trochilidae Apodiformes   Costa's Hummingbird 930
Stellula calliope Trochilidae Apodiformes   Calliope Hummingbird 931
Atthis heloisa Trochilidae Apodiformes   Bumblebee Hummingbird 932
Atthis ellioti Trochilidae Apodiformes   Wine-throated Hummingbird 933
Selasphorus platycercus Trochilidae Apodiformes   Broad-tailed Hummingbird 934
Selasphorus rufus Trochilidae Apodiformes   Rufous Hummingbird 935
Selasphorus sasin Trochilidae Apodiformes   Allen's Hummingbird 936


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