North American Hummingbird Species
North America is a continent bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea. Regarding hummingbirds it encompasses, the United States, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America.
The Western Hummingbird Partnership states:
"Hummingbirds live only in the western hemisphere, where they are the second most diverse family of birds (approximately 340 species). Their diversity is well represented among North American bird families with 57 species:
- 40% are endemic to North America,
- 14% are substantially shared among the nations,
- 30% are migratory, and
- 14% are of high conservation concern (Berlanga et al., 2010).
There are indications that at least some hummingbird populations are declining. Partners in Flight (PIF) had identified three of the 13 neotropical migrants that breed in the USA and Canada and over-winter in Mexico as Watch List Species: Costa's, Calliope, and Rufous, and a fourth: Lucifer, as a Stewardship Species (Rich et al 2004).
The USFWS 2008 Birds of Conservation Concern (Pages 47-52) also listed Costa's, Calliope, Lucifer, and Rufous as well as Allen's, Blue-throated, and Buff-bellied; seven species in total nationally".